Modern Garden Decor: Fountains and their Roots

Modern Garden Decor: Fountains Roots 1467977627.jpg A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to supply drinking water, as well as for decorative purposes.

The primary purpose of a fountain was originally strictly functional. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to provide them with drinking water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Until the late 19th, century most water fountains operated using gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a supply of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Fountains were an excellent source of water, and also served to decorate living areas and memorialize the designer. Roman fountains often depicted imagery of animals or heroes made of metal or stone masks. Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. To demonstrate his dominance over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. To mark the entrance of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the building of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts arrived in the city of Rome

Urban fountains created at the end of the 19th century functioned only as decorative and celebratory adornments since indoor plumbing provided the essential drinking water. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity allowed fountains to provide recycled water into living spaces as well as create unique water effects.

These days, fountains decorate public spaces and are used to recognize individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

Early Water Delivery Techniques in The City Of Rome

Previous to 273, when the 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was established in Rome, residents who dwelled on hillsides had to go even further down to get their water from natural sources. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the sole technologies obtainable at the time to supply water to segments of greater elevation. Starting in the sixteenth century, a brand new strategy was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean segments to provide water to Pincian Hill. Pozzi, or manholes, were engineered at regular intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. During the roughly nine years he possessed the residence, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi used these manholes to take water from the network in buckets, though they were initially designed for the intent of cleaning and maintaining the aqueduct. The cistern he had built to gather rainwater wasn’t satisfactory to meet his water demands. That is when he decided to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran under his residence.

A Chronicle of Outdoor Fountains

Himself a highly educated man, Pope Nicholas V headed the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 till 1455 and was responsible for the translation of hundreds of age-old texts from their original Greek into Latin. In order to make Rome worthy of being the capital of the Christian world, the Pope decided to enhance the beauty of the city.Chronicle Outdoor Fountains 60645648287748712955.jpg Reconstruction of the Acqua Vergine, a desolate Roman aqueduct which had transported clean drinking water into the city from eight miles away, began in 1453 at the behest of the Pope. The ancient Roman tradition of building an imposing commemorative fountain at the point where an aqueduct arrived, also known as a mostra, was restored by Nicholas V. The Trevi Fountain now occupies the space previously filled with a wall fountain built by Leon Battista Albert, an architect employed by the Pope. The aqueduct he had refurbished included modifications and extensions which eventually allowed it to supply water to the Trevi Fountain as well as the famed baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona.

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Garden Fountains

One Cleaning Solution NEVER Use Garden Fountains 209546898894455869.jpg Water fountains will last a very long time with scheduled cleaning and maintenance. It is easy for foreign items to find their way into outside fountains, so keeping it clean is vital. Additionally, anywhere light from the sun combines with still water, algae can develop. To avoid this, take vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, or sea salt and add straight into the water. Bleach can also be dissolved into the water, but this is not the ideal option because it can hurt birds or other animals.

Experts recommend that the typical garden fountain undergoes a thorough scrubbing every 3-4 months. First you must empty the water. When you have done this, wash inside the water reservoir with a mild detergent. A helpful tip is to use a toothbrush if there are small hard-to-reach spots. Be sure to thoroughly rinse the inner surface of the fountain to make sure all the soap is gone.

Make sure you get rid of any calcium or plankton by taking the pump apart and washing the inside thoroughly. Letting it soak in vinegar for a few hours first will make it much easier to clean. Build-up can be a big hassle, so use mineral or rain water over tap water, when possible, to prevent this dilemma.

Finally, be sure to have a quick look at your fountain every day and add water if you see that the level is low. If the water level drops below the pump’s intake level, it can hurt the pump and cause it to burn out - something you don't want to happen!

Your Garden: The Perfect Place for a Fountain

You can enhance your outdoor area by including a wall fountain or an outdoor garden water feature to your property or gardening project. Contemporary artists and fountain builders alike use historical fountains and water features to shape their creations. You can also reinforce the link to the past by incorporating one of these to your home's interior design. Among the many properties of these beautiful garden fountains is the water and moisture they discharge into the air which attracts birds and other wild life as well as helps to balance the ecosystem. For example, irritating flying insects are usually discouraged by the birds attracted to the fountain or birdbath.

The area necessary for a cascading or spouting fountain is considerable, so a wall fountain is the perfect size for a small yard.Garden: Perfect Place Fountain 8991118407864757.jpg You can choose to set up a stand-alone fountain with a flat back and an connected basin propped against a fence or wall in your backyard, or a wall-mounted type which is self-contained and hung from a wall. Be sure to include a fountain mask to an existing wall and a basin to collect the water at the bottom if you want to put in a fountain to your living area. The plumbing and masonry work necessary for this type of work requires training, so it is best to hire a skilled person rather than do it yourself.