When and Where Did Water Features Emerge?

Pope Nicholas V, himself a learned man, governed the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455 during which time he commissioned many translations of old classic Greek documents into Latin. Embellishing Rome and making it the worthy capital of the Christian world was at the heart of his ambitions. At the bidding of the Pope, the Aqua Vergine, a damaged aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water into Rome from eight miles away, was reconditioned starting in 1453.Water Features Emerge? 6859470586.jpg Building a mostra, an imposing commemorative fountain built by ancient Romans to memorialize the arrival point of an aqueduct, was a custom revived by Nicholas V. The present-day site of the Trevi Fountain was formerly occupied by a wall fountain commissioned by the Pope and built by the architect Leon Battista Alberti. The Trevi Fountain as well as the well-known baroque fountains located in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona were eventually supplied with water from the modified aqueduct he had rebuilt.

Gian Bernini's Outdoor Fountains

There are countless famous fountains in the city center of Rome. One of the best ever sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini fashioned, conceived and built almost all of them.Gian Bernini's Outdoor Fountains 136127719342954.jpg He was also a city architect, in addition to his expertise as a water fountain engineer, and traces of his life's work are apparent throughout the streets of Rome. Ultimately moving to Rome to fully show their art, chiefly in the form of community water fountains, Bernini’s father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, guided his young son. The young Bernini earned compliments from Popes and influential artists alike, and was an diligent employee. Initially he was recognized for his sculpting skills. An expert in ancient Greek architecture, he utilized this knowledge as a foundation and melded it gracefully with Roman marble, most remarkably in the Vatican. Though many artists had an impact on his work, Michelangelo had the most profound effect.

The Broad Range of Outdoor Wall Fountains

Having a wall fountain in your garden or on a veranda is great when you seek to relax. Additionally, it can be designed to fit into any wall space since it does not need much room. Both the stand alone and mounted types must have a spout, a water basin, internal tubing, and a pump. There are any number of models to pick from such as traditional, contemporary, classic, or Asian.

Also knownas a floor fountain, a stand-alone wall fountain is normally rather big, and its basin is placed on the ground.

On the other hand, a water feature affixed to a wall can be integrated onto an existing wall or built into a new wall. A cohesive look can be achieved with this type of water feature because it seems to become part of the landscape rather than an added element.

Classic Greece: The Beginnings of Outdoor Statue Design

In the past, most sculptors were paid by the temples to embellish the involved pillars and archways with renderings of the gods, but as the era came to a close it grew to be more accepted for sculptors to portray ordinary people as well simply because many Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred.Classic Greece: Beginnings Outdoor Statue Design 45851893449342456.jpg Wealthy individuals would occasionally commission a rendition of their forefathers for their large family burial tombs; portraiture also became common and would be appropriated by the Romans upon their acquisition of Greek civilization. A time of aesthetic enhancement, the use of sculpture and other art forms morphed during the Greek Classical period, so it is inaccurate to assume that the arts served only one function. Greek sculpture is probably attractive to us today because it was an avant-garde experiment in the historic world, so it does not make a difference whether its original function was religious zeal or artistic enjoyment.