Acqua Vergine: The Answer to Rome's Water Problems

Previous to 273, when the first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was made in Rome, citizens who resided on hillsides had to journey even further down to gather their water from natural sources. When aqueducts or springs weren’t easily accessible, people living at higher elevations turned to water taken from underground or rainwater, which was made possible by wells and cisterns. Starting in the sixteenth century, a newer system was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean portions to provide water to Pincian Hill. Throughout the length of the aqueduct’s passage were pozzi, or manholes, that gave access.Acqua Vergine: Answer Rome's Water Problems 42509701889600.jpg Though they were originally designed to make it possible to support the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi began using the manholes to get water from the channel, commencing when he acquired the property in 1543. He didn’t get adequate water from the cistern that he had constructed on his property to obtain rainwater. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat just below his residence, and he had a shaft opened to give him accessibility.

Outdoor Wall Fountains: The Numerous Styles on the Market

Outdoor Wall Fountains: Numerous Styles Market 915978486.jpg Wall fountains are well suited to small verandas or gardens because they do not require too much space while also adding a touch of flair and providing a great place to find peace and quiet. The multitude of styles in outdoor wall fountains, including traditional, classic, contemporary, or Asian, means that you can find the one suitable to your tastes. It is possible to have one customized if you are not able to find a prefabricated fountain to suit you.

The two types of fountains available to you are mounted and stand-alone models. You can hang a mounted wall fountain because they are little and self-contained. Ordinarily made of resin (to look like stone) or fiber glass, these types of fountains are lightweight and easy to hang. In large free-standing fountains, otherwise known as wall fountains, the basin is set on the ground with the flat side positioned against a wall. There are no weight limits on these sorts of cast stone water features.

Custom-made fountains which can be integrated into a new or existing wall are often prescribed by landscaping designers. The basin and all the required plumbing are best installed by a trained mason. It is also essential to add a spout or fountain mask to build it into the wall. The cohesive look produced by custom-made wall fountains make them appear to be part of the scenery rather than an afterthought.

What Are Outdoor Water fountains Manufactured From?

Outdoor Water fountains Manufactured From? 65749160.jpg Most modern garden fountains come in metal, although various other types exist. Those made from metals have clean lines and unique sculptural elements, and are versatile enough to fit any budget and decor. The interior design of your house should set the look and feel of your yard and garden as well.

One of the more trendy metals for sculptural garden fountains presently is copper. Copper is trendy for both inside and outside use and is widely found in tabletop and cascade fountains, among others. If you opt to go with copper, your fountain can be any style from fun and whimsical to contemporary.

Also popular, brass fountains typically have a more old-fashioned style to them versus their copper counterpart. Even though they are a bit old-fashioned, brass fountains are quite common because they often incorporate interesting artwork.

Probably the most contemporary of all metals is stainless steel. For an instant increase in the value and comfort of your garden, get one of the contemporary steel designs. As with all fountains, you can find any size you need.

Because it is both lighter and less expensive than metal but has a nearly identical look, fiberglass is quite common for fountains. It is easy to clean and maintain a fiberglass water fountain, yet another reason they are popular.

Contemporary Garden Decoration: Large Outdoor Water Fountains and their Roots

The incredible construction of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to enhance your home.

Originally, fountains only served a functional purpose. Inhabitants of urban areas, townships and small towns utilized them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash up, which meant that fountains needed to be linked to nearby aqueduct or spring. Until the late 19th, century most water fountains operated using gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a supply of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Artists thought of fountains as amazing additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to provide clean water and honor the designer responsible for building it. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often utilized by Romans to decorate their fountains. Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller versions of the gardens of paradise. Fountains played a significant role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exercise his power over nature. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were extolled with baroque style fountains built to mark the place of entry of Roman aqueducts.

Indoor plumbing became the key source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby restricting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. Gravity was replaced by mechanical pumps in order to permit fountains to bring in clean water and allow for amazing water displays.

Embellishing city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the uses of modern-day fountains.