Early Crete & The Minoans: Outdoor Fountains

Early Crete & Minoans: Outdoor Fountains 300610542975.jpg During archaeological excavations on the island of Crete, a variety of sorts of channels have been found. They not only aided with the water supplies, they extracted rainwater and wastewater as well. Rock and terracotta were the substances of choice for these channels. Terracotta was selected for waterways and water pipes, both rectangular and round. Amidst these were terracotta pipes which were U-shaped or a shortened, cone-like form which have only showed up in Minoan civilization. The water provision at Knossos Palace was managed with a strategy of terracotta pipes which was positioned beneath the floor, at depths going from a few centimeters to several meters. Along with distributing water, the clay pipes of the Minoans were also used to collect water and accumulate it. These terracotta piping were required to perform: Below ground Water Transportation: This system’s unseen nature may suggest that it was originally planned for some kind of ritual or to allocate water to limited communities. Quality Water Transportation: The pipes could also have been chosen to take water to water fountains which were separate from the city’s standard system.

The Impact of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Gardens

Anglo-Saxons experienced great adjustments to their day-to-day lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. Engineering and gardening were skills that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. But before concentrating on home-life or having the occasion to consider domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire society.Impact Norman Conquest Anglo Saxon Gardens 4017511449375201794.jpg Most often designed upon windy summits, castles were basic constructs that allowed their inhabitants to spend time and space to offensive and defensive programs, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings generally added in only the most fecund, extensive valleys. The serene method of gardening was unrealistic in these dreary bastions. The purest specimen of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent today is Berkeley Castle. The keep is said to date from the time of William the Conqueror. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstruction to assailants trying to dig under the castle walls. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an ancient yew hedge cut into the figure of crude battlements.

Where did Large Garden Fountains Begin?

Large Garden Fountains Begin? 7013587197373.jpg A fountain, an amazing piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also propel water high into the air for an extraordinary effect.

The primary purpose of a fountain was originally strictly practical. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to supply them with potable water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Until the late 19th, century most water fountains functioned using the force of gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a supply of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Fountains were an excellent source of water, and also served to decorate living areas and memorialize the designer. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often times utilized by Romans to decorate their fountains. Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. The fountains found in the Gardens of Versailles were meant to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries manufactured baroque decorative fountains to exalt the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the location where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Urban fountains made at the end of the 19th century functioned only as decorative and celebratory adornments since indoor plumbing provided the essential drinking water. Amazing water effects and recycled water were made possible by switching the force of gravity with mechanical pumps.

These days, fountains decorate public spaces and are used to pay tribute to individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

Ancient Greece: Architectural Statues

Nearly all sculptors were remunerated by the temples to accentuate the intricate columns and archways with renderings of the gods until the period came to a close and many Greeks started to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred, when it became more typical for sculptors to portray everyday men and women as well. Affluent families would occasionally commission a rendering of their ancestors for their big familial burial tombs; portraiture also became prevalent and would be appropriated by the Romans upon their acquisition of Greek society. A time of artistic progression, the use of sculpture and other art forms morphed throughout the Greek Classical period, so it is inexact to suggest that the arts served only one function. Greek sculpture is perhaps attractive to us nowadays because it was an avant-garde experiment in the ancient world, so it doesn't matter whether its original function was religious zeal or artistic pleasure.