Anglo Saxon Gardens During the Norman Conquest

The introduction of the Normans in the 2nd half of the 11th century irreparably altered The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The skill of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in architecture and agriculture at the time of the conquest. However the Normans had to pacify the overall territory before they could concentrate on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Because of this, castles were cruder structures than monasteries: Monasteries were frequently important stone buildings set in the biggest and most fertile valleys, while castles were constructed on windy crests where their citizens dedicated time and space to tasks for offense and defense.Anglo Saxon Gardens Norman Conquest 536625711812694734.jpg Tranquil pursuits such as gardening were out of place in these destitute citadels. The best specimen of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent today is Berkeley Castle. The keep is said to date from the time of William the Conqueror. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an impediment to attackers trying to dig under the castle walls. On 1 of these terraces sits a quaint bowling green: it is covered in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is created into the shape of rough ramparts.Wide Array Wall Water Fountains 056785472545329681.jpg

The Wide Array of Wall Water Fountains

You can find tranquility and quiet when you add a wall fountain in your backyard or patio. Even a little space can contain a custom-built one. Both the stand alone and fitted versions need to have a spout, a water basin, internal tubing, and a pump. There are any variety of models to choose from most notably conventional, contemporary, classic, or Asian.

Freestanding wall fountains, commonly known as floor fountains, are relatively big and feature a basin on the ground.

You can decide to put your wall-mounted feature on an preexisting wall or build it into a new wall. Integrating this kind of water feature into your landscape adds a cohesiveness to the look you want to attain rather than making it seem as if the fountain was merely added later.

Rome’s Early Water Transport Solutions

With the development of the 1st elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, individuals who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to be dependent exclusively on naturally-occurring spring water for their demands. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the lone technologies readily available at the time to supply water to areas of high elevation. Beginning in the sixteenth century, a newer approach was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean portions to provide water to Pincian Hill. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals.Rome’s Early Water Transport Solutions 8451849387121786229.jpg Though they were primarily developed to make it possible to service the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi began using the manholes to get water from the channel, commencing when he purchased the property in 1543. The cistern he had constructed to gather rainwater wasn’t satisfactory to meet his water requirements. By using an opening to the aqueduct that ran below his property, he was set to satisfy his water wants.

Contemporary Garden Decoration: Fountains and their Beginnings

A fountain, an incredible piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also launch water high into the air for an extraordinary effect.

Originally, fountains only served a functional purpose. Inhabitants of cities, townships and small towns used them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash up, which meant that fountains needed to be linked to nearby aqueduct or spring.Contemporary Garden Decoration: Fountains Beginnings 53883836860.jpg Until the late nineteenth, century most water fountains operated using gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a supply of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Acting as an element of adornment and celebration, fountains also provided clean, fresh drinking water. Bronze or stone masks of animals and heroes were commonly seen on Roman fountains. To depict the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages added fountains to their designs. To show his dominance over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were glorified with baroque style fountains constructed to mark the arrival points of Roman aqueducts.

Urban fountains built at the end of the nineteenth served only as decorative and celebratory adornments since indoor plumbing provided the necessary drinking water. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity enabled fountains to provide recycled water into living spaces as well as create special water effects.

These days, fountains decorate public areas and are used to honor individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.