Acqua Vergine: The Answer to Rome's Water Troubles

Rome’s 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, citizens residing at higher elevations had to rely on local creeks for their water. When aqueducts or springs weren’t easily accessible, people living at greater elevations turned to water pulled from underground or rainwater, which was made available by wells and cisterns. From the beginning of the sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill through the underground channel of Acqua Vergine. The aqueduct’s channel was made reachable by pozzi, or manholes, that were installed along its length when it was 1st engineered. Whilst these manholes were provided to make it much easier to manage the aqueduct, it was also possible to use containers to pull water from the channel, which was employed by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he invested in the property in 1543 to his death in 1552. Reportedly, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t enough to meet his needs. Via an orifice to the aqueduct that ran below his property, he was set to satisfy his water demands.

Where did Large Garden Fountains Originate from?

The amazing or decorative effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, as well as providing drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.

From the onset, outdoor fountains were soley there to serve as functional elements. Water fountains were linked to a spring or aqueduct to supply potable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Up until the 19th century, fountains had to be higher and closer to a water source, including aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to take advantage of gravity which fed the fountains. Fountains were not only utilized as a water source for drinking water, but also to adorn homes and celebrate the designer who created it. Bronze or stone masks of animals and heroes were commonly seen on Roman fountains. Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller versions of the gardens of paradise. To show his prominence over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. To mark the entryway of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the building of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts arrived in the city of Rome

Since indoor plumbing became the standard of the day for fresh, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely decorative. Impressive water effects and recycled water were made possible by replacing the power of gravity with mechanical pumps.

Contemporary fountains are used to adorn public spaces, honor individuals or events, and enrich recreational and entertainment events.Advantages Solar Powered Garden Fountains 76554746347729602437.jpg

The Advantages of Solar Powered Garden Fountains

Your garden wall fountain can be powered by numerous power sources. Older fountains have historically been powered by electricity, but due to an increased interest in eco-friendly fountains, solar power is used in new models. Although solar run water fountains may be the most inexpensive long-term option, the initial outlay is in fact higher. Terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze are utilized to make solar powered water fountains. Your decor determines which type best suits you. Easy to upkeep and an excellent way to make a substantial contribution to the environment, they make wonderful additions to your garden sanctuary as well.

If you are searching for something aesthetically pleasing as well as a way to maintain your house cool, indoor wall fountains are an ideal addition. Employing the same methods used in air conditioners and swamp coolers, they are a great alternative to cool your home. You can lower your power bill since they consume less electricity.

One way to generate a cooling effect is to fan fresh, dry air across them. Utilizing the ceiling fan or air from a corner of the room can help to enhance circulation. It is essential that the top of the water have air regularly blowing across it. It is natural for fountains and waterfalls to generate cool, crisp air. You will feel a sudden coolness in the air when you come near a sizable waterfall or fountain. Putting your fountain cooling system in a spot that is especially hot reduces its efficacy. Your cooling system will be less reliable if it is located in direct sunlight.

Keep Your Garden Wall Fountain Tidy

Water fountains will keep working a long time with routine cleaning and maintenance.Keep Garden Wall Fountain Tidy 0429511095453.jpg Leaves, twigs, and bugs very often find their way into fountains, so it is important to keep yours free from such debris. Another factor is that water that is exposed to sunlight is prone to growing algae. In order to prevent this, there are some simple ingredients that can be mixed into the water, such as vinegar, sea salt, or hydrogen peroxide. There are those who choose to use bleach, but that is harmful to any animals that might drink or bathe in the water - so should therefore be avoided.

Every 3-4 months, garden fountains should undergo a serious cleaning. Before you can start cleaning it you should drain out all of the water. Then use a soft cloth and mild cleanser to scrub the inside. If there are any small grooves, work with a toothbrush to get every spot. Be sure to completely rinse the inside of the fountain to make sure all the soap is gone.

Make sure you get rid of any calcium or plankton by taking the pump apart and washing the inside thoroughly. You might want to let it soak in vinegar for a few hours to make it much less difficult to clean. Neither rain water nor mineral water contain substances that will build up inside the pump, so use either over tap water if possible.

Finally, be sure to have a quick look at your fountain every day and add water if you notice that the level is low. Allowing the water level to get too low can cause damage to the pump - and you certainly don't want that!Characteristics Outdoor Statuary Archaic Greece 816196305.jpg

Characteristics of Outdoor Statuary in Archaic Greece

The Archaic Greeks built the very first freestanding statuary, an awesome achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Younger, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks were the subject matter of most of the sculptures, or kouros figures. The kouroi were believed by the Greeks to represent beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising firmness to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, brawny, and nude. The kouroi became life-sized beginning in 650 BC. The Archaic period was an incredible point of change for the Greeks as they extended into new forms of government, produced novel expressions of art, and achieved insights of the men and women and cultures outside of Greece. But in spite of the disputes, the Greek civilization continued to progress, unabated.