Fountain Engineers Through History

Water fountain designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the late 18th century, often serving as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. Throughout the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci illustrated the creator as an inspired master, inventor and scientific expert. The forces of nature guided him to analyze the qualities and movement of water, and due to his curiosity, he carefully captured his findings in his now celebrated notebooks. Early Italian water feature engineers altered private villa settings into innovative water displays full with symbolic meaning and natural elegance by coupling creativity with hydraulic and horticultural experience. Known for his incredible skill in archeology, design and garden design, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, provided the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli. Well versed in humanist subjects as well as classical scientific texts, some other fountain creators were masterminding the fascinating water marbles, water attributes and water jokes for the various properties around Florence.

Where did Large Outdoor Fountains Come From?

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to provide drinking water, as well as for decorative purposes.

Pure practicality was the original role of fountains. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, via aqueducts or springs nearby. Up until the nineteenth, fountains had to be more elevated and closer to a water supply, including aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to benefit from gravity which fed the fountains. Serving as an element of decoration and celebration, fountains also generated clean, fresh drinking water. Roman fountains usually depicted imagery of animals or heroes made of metal or stone masks. Muslims and Moorish landscaping designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller versions of the gardens of paradise. The fountains found in the Gardens of Versailles were intended to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries created baroque decorative fountains to glorify the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the spot where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for fresh, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. Amazing water effects and recycled water were made possible by replacing the force of gravity with mechanical pumps.

Nowadays, fountains adorn public areas and are used to pay tribute to individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

Water Delivery Solutions in Early Rome

With the development of the first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, individuals who lived on the city’s hills no longer had to be dependent solely on naturally-occurring spring water for their demands. If residents residing at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to be dependent on the remaining existing techniques of the day, cisterns that accumulated rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that received the water from below ground.Water Delivery Solutions Early Rome 37152883100357.jpg From the beginning of the sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill by way of the subterranean channel of Acqua Vergine. The aqueduct’s channel was made attainable by pozzi, or manholes, that were positioned along its length when it was initially engineered. Though they were initially planned to make it possible to support the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi began using the manholes to get water from the channel, starting when he bought the property in 1543. Apparently, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t adequate to satisfy his needs. Fortunately, the aqueduct sat just below his property, and he had a shaft established to give him access.

Fountains: The Minoan Civilization

Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. They were typically built from clay or rock. Terracotta was selected for canals and water pipes, both rectangle-shaped and spherical. These consisted of cone-like and U-shaped terracotta piping which were exclusive to the Minoans. Knossos Palace had an sophisticated plumbing network made of terracotta piping which ran up to three meters under ground. The clay water pipes were also utilized for gathering and saving water. This called for the terracotta pipes to be suitable for holding water without losing it. Below ground Water Transportation: This system’s hidden nature may mean that it was initially planned for some kind of ritual or to circulate water to limited groups.Fountains: Minoan Civilization 49478582.jpg Quality Water Transportation: The conduits could also have been used to take water to water fountains which were separate from the city’s normal technique.Outdoor Living Area: Great Place Garden Fountain 29352798229992867386.jpg

Your Outdoor Living Area: A Great Place for a Garden Fountain

The area outside your home can be polished up by including a wall or a garden fountain to your landscaping or garden project. Historical fountains and water features have stirred the notice of modern-day designers as well as fountain designers. Therefore, in order to connect your home to earlier times, include one these in your decor. In addition to the wonderful attributes of garden fountains, they also produce water and moisture which goes into the air, thereby, drawing in birds as well as other creatures and harmonizing the environment. For example, birds attracted by a fountain or birdbath can be useful because they fend off irritating flying insects.

Wall fountains are a good alternative if your yard is small because they do not need much space in comparison to a spouting or cascading fountain. Two possibilities to pick from include either a freestanding type with an even back set against a fence or wall in your garden, or a wall-mounted, self-contained type which hangs on a wall. Both a fountain mask placed on the existing wall as well as a basin located at the bottom to collect the water are necessary if you wish to include a fountain. It is best not to undertake this job on your own as skilled plumbers and masons are best suited to do this kind of work.