Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Garden Fountains

There are any number of celebrated Roman water fountains in its city center. One of the most distinguished sculptors and artists of the 17th century, nearly all of them were planned, conceived and built by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Also a city builder, he had skills as a fountain designer, and traces of his life's work are obvious throughout the roads of Rome. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately moved to Rome, in order to fully express their art, primarily in the form of public water fountains and water features. An diligent worker, the young Bernini acquired praise and patronage of many popes and influential artists. He was originally recognized for his sculpture. Most notably in the Vatican, he utilized a base of knowledge in ancient Greek architecture and melded it flawlessly with Roman marble. He was influenced by many a great artists, however, Michelangelo had the biggest effect on his work.

Brief Summary of Herb Gardening

An Introduction to Containers Gardening & Herbaceous Plants. These plants are easy to grow and have the appeal of instant gratification, as they can be used in soups, marinades, and other recipes. Herbs are very simple to maintain and often do not demand daily care, but even better you can move these plants inside your home with the pots to guarantee they are going to be able to endure the winter weather that tends to be cold and deadly for all plants. There are a couple of benefits of having perennial herbs in your garden such as the fact that they do not call for replanting at the conclusion of the year or typically die. Over and above this, you should really give consideration to your personal taste requirements when choosing herbs to flavor dishes. Think about the cuisine you like when choosing which herbs to plant in your garden. For instance, if you cook a lot of Italian food you may want to plant basil and oregano. If you like Latin food, select cilantro.Brief Summary Herb Gardening 27950147.jpg It is important to figure out where your herbs will be cultivated in order to decide which herbs will thrive. It may be less complicated to plant right into the ground if you live in a place that has warm winters and colder summers. This makes your back yard look stunning without the trouble of making or buying planters. There is nothing you can do to escape harsh climate conditions that might impact your plants. However, there is hope because planters can be moved indoors whenever there's bad weather outdoors so they are flexible and practical for your herbs.

Aqueducts: The Answer to Rome's Water Challenges

With the building of the very first raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to be dependent entirely on naturally-occurring spring water for their demands. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the lone technologies around at the time to supply water to areas of higher elevation. In the early sixteenth century, the city began to utilize the water that ran below the ground through Acqua Vergine to supply water to Pincian Hill. The aqueduct’s channel was made available by pozzi, or manholes, that were placed along its length when it was first created. Whilst these manholes were developed to make it easier to preserve the aqueduct, it was also possible to use buckets to extract water from the channel, which was exercised by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he acquired the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552. He didn’t get enough water from the cistern that he had manufactured on his residential property to collect rainwater. To provide himself with a more effective system to gather water, he had one of the manholes opened up, offering him access to the aqueduct below his property.

The Results of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Landscaping

The introduction of the Normans in the latter half of the eleventh century greatly modified The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. The Normans were much better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But before focusing on home-life or having the occasion to contemplate domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire population.Results Norman Invasion Anglo Saxon Landscaping 913941874479666.jpg Monasteries and castles served different purposes, so while monasteries were large stone structures assembled in only the most productive, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the residents focused on understanding offensive and defensive strategies. Relaxing activities such as gardening were out of place in these desolate citadels. Berkeley Castle is possibly the most complete model in existence today of the early Anglo-Norman form of architecture. The keep is rumored to have been developed during the time of William the Conqueror. A significant terrace serves as a discouraging factor to invaders who would try to mine the walls of the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an aged yew hedge cut into the figure of crude battlements.